- Common Name(s): Honduran Mahogany, Honduras Mahogany, American Mahogany, Genuine Mahogany, Big-Leaf Mahogany, Brazilian Mahogany
- Scientific Name: Swietenia macrophylla
- Distribution: From Southern Mexico to central South America; also commonly grown on plantations
- Tree Size: 150 ft (45 m) tall, 6 ft (2 m) trunk diameter
- Average Dried Weight: 41 lbs/ft3 (655 kg/m3)
- Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .54, .66
- Janka Hardness: 900 lbf (4,000 N)
- Modulus of Rupture: 11,660 lbf/in2 (80.4 MPa)
- Elastic Modulus: 1,386,000 lbf/in2 (9.56 GPa)
- Crushing Strength: 6,550 lbf/in2 (45.2 MPa)
3.0%, Tangential: 4.1%, Volumetric: 7.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.4
Heartwood color can vary a fair amount with Honduran Mahogany, from a pale pinkish brown, to a darker reddish brown. Color tends to darken with age.
Has medium to large sized pores, and a medium texture. Grain can be straight, interlocked, irregular or wavy. Mahogany also exhibits an optical phenomenon known as chatoyancy.
Diffuse-porous; medium to large pores in no specific arrangement; solitary and radial multiples of 2-3; mineral deposits occasionally present; growth rings distinct due to marginal parenchyma; rays barely visible without lens; parenchyma banded (marginal), paratracheal parenchyma vasicentric.
Considered durable or very durable in regards to decay resistance, though it has been reported as being susceptible to insect attack.
Typically very easy to work with tools: machines well. (With exception to sections with figured grain, which can tearout or chip during machining.) Slight dulling of cutters can occur. Sands very easily. Turns, glues, stains, and finishes well.
No characteristic odor.
Furniture, cabinetry, turned objects, veneers, musical instruments, boatbuilding, and carving.
Honduran Mahogany goes by many names, yet perhaps its most accurate and telling name is Genuine Mahogany. Not to be confused with cheaper imitations, such as Philippine Mahogany, Swietenia macrophylla is what most consider to be the real and true species when referring to “Mahogany.”
The Wood Database