Wooden Window

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Window Types

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Transom/Clerestory Windows

A venting or fixed window high on the wall, often above a door that brings light to the center of the room and possibly aids with ventilation. Applicable Projects Monterey Blvd. ~ San Francisco, CA


Awning (Casement) Windows

Casement, hopper and awning windows are three variations of the same frame design, with the difference based on hinge location. Casement windows have a hinge at the side; awning windows have hinges located at the top, and hopper windows are an inverted version of the awning windows with hinges located at the bottom. These models provide higher energy-efficiency than that provided by gliding and double-hung windows. They are particularly energy-efficient and provide excellent ventilation. They are also very air-tight. Applicable Projects Bohemian Club ~ San Francisco Caperton St. ~ Piedmont, CA Park Way ~ Piedmont, CA


Lipped French Casements

A lipped/French Casement Window is a French Casement without an astragal.  The meeting stiles interconnect but are flush with the inner and outer sash surface.  Typically a soft reveal line or bead is carved into one of the stiles to give it a uniform look and feel, as one of the meeting stiles tends to be a bit wider than the other. Applicable Projects


European Tilt & Turn

These are three windows in one; depending on the handle position. They can be set as a fixed window (handle in 6 o'clock position), operated as in-swing casement window (handle in 9 o'clock position) and tilt-in-from-the top (like a 'hopper' window; handle in 12 o'clock position). Tilt-turn windows are easy to reach from the inside for cleaning and maintenance and also offer added security and draft-free ventilation. The highest performing window on the market, the Tilt-turn window combines long lasting beauty and easy dependable operation. It has become the market leader in residential and commercial construction in Germany since the 1960's. The tilt-turn window concept has now gained wide acceptance inside and outside of Europe. Applicable Projects


Ceiling Lens

Also known as Skylights; typically a Fixed/Picture window at the top center of a room which brings natural light to an area during the daytime (eliminating the need for artificial lighting during said time). Ceiling lens' from the Historic Old Administration Building of Fresno City College. Applicable Projects HOAB, Fresno City College ~ Fresno, CA The McDonald Mansion ~ Santa Rosa, CA


Eyebrow Windows

An Eyebrow window is at least partially arched at the top, hence the name. Typically the radius of the arch is equal to the width of the unit as this is considered aesthetically proportionate. Applicable Projects


Oval/Round/Eliptical Windows

The name refers to the actual shape of the window unit and are typically either fixed or tilt/pivot and are located either high on the wall as transom/clerestory windows or at eye-level where they are sometimes called Porthole windows. Applicable Projects Monterey Blvd. ~ San Francisco, CA


Pivot Windows

Pivot windows are either vertical pivot or horizontal pivot. Pivot windows are easy to reach from the inside for cleaning and maintenance because the sash rotates 180 degrees. They offer draft-free ventilation. Pictured below: a pivot window/hummingbird feeder designed for Solar Decathlon contest of US DOE by CCA student.   Applicable Projects The Montgomery (Call Building) ~ San Francisco, CA


Gothic Windows

An architectural aesthetic/style featuring window units that steeply arch upward and meet at an angle or sharp point at the center of the top. Applicable Projects


Hopper (Casement) Window

Casement, hopper and awning windows are three variations of the same frame design, with the difference based on hinge location. Casement windows have a hinge at the side; awning windows have hinges located at the top, and hopper windows are an inverted version of the awning windows with hinges located at the bottom. These models provide higher energy-efficiency than that provided by gliding and double-hung windows. They are particularly energy-efficient and provide excellent ventilation. They are also very air-tight. Applicable Projects Bohemian Club ~ San Francisco Caperton St. ~ Piedmont, CA Park Way ~ Piedmont, CA


Single/Double/Triple Hung

Sash windows in the form of very basic timber shutters have a history dating back as far as the thirteenth century. It was not until roughly the end of the sixteenth century that glazed versions started to appear that where horizontally sliding windows, and during the mid seventeenth century vertical sliding sash windows arrived, mainly in France. When the nobility came to England (in asylum from the guillotine!) they brought with them across the Channel new ideas and designs of the more sophisticated vertical sliding sash windows. One of the first glazed sliding sash windows was created and fitted for Henrietta Maria, the Queen Mother, who returning from France with French joiners, encouraged the renovation of Somerset House in London. The exact history of how the weighted and balanced glazed sash window came about is not clear, although some say that the invention was a British one, many could say it was a French one. The original vertical sliding sash windows would have been very heavy with thick bars separating the tiny glass panels due to the fact that the glass was so thin, the window would have been a difficult window in its function. Counter balancing was first used in doors. There is documented evidence of weights and ropes being fitted to doors in various parts of Whitehall. It was only a matter of time before this system was applied to windows. The sash window has never been patented nor has anybody throughout history has ever claimed to be its inventor. Glass producers began to make glass that was more reliable and stronger and the British Government of the day stopped the taxation of glass, this all helped towards sash windows with large panes without bars. It was a sign of being well off during the glass taxation period to have large glass windows in the UK. Learn more about sash window restoration Stop by Robert Wood’s site where you can find out all about sash window repairs and restoration in London. Applicable Projects HOAB, Fresno City College ~ Fresno, CA Hyde St. ~ San Francisco, CA Stuart Hall ~ San Francisco, CA The McDonald Mansion ~ Santa Rosa, CA


Picture Windows

Non-venting or non-operable window. Applicable Projects Monterey Blvd. ~ San Francisco, CA Park Way ~ Piedmont, CA


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Since 1980, Wooden Window has been restoring and constructing fine wooden doors and windows for residences and commercial buildings throughout California.

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